Important Topics to Cover in the SSC CGL Syllabus


Aspirants planning to crack the Combined Graduate Level exam conducted by the Staff Selection Commission have to focus on various important aspects related to this exam.

The CGL exam is one of the most sought after government exams in India due to the multiple opportunities provided for this post. The major attraction for this exam is the salary and perks of different types.

Aspirants should be very careful while preparing for this exam as the ratio of the number of competitors to the number of vacancies is relatively greater. Aspirants should try their level best to crack this exam.

This article will help the aspirants crack the SSC CGL exam in the first attempt as it majorly focuses on the important topics in the CGL syllabus during exam preparation.

SSC CGL Syllabus  – Important Topics to Cover


The SSC CGL syllabus for Tier 1 exam is given in detail in the table below:

General Intelligence & Reasoning General Awareness Quantitative Aptitude English Comprehension skills
Symbolic/Number Analogy History- Harappa Civilization, Vedic culture, Medieval India and their important systems; India’s freedom movement and their leaders Number System Problems


Ratio & Proportion,

Square roots,



Synonyms &

Antonyms, One Word Substitution, grammar skills, spelling error, comprehension passages

Semantic Classification,

Symbolic/Number Classification

Geography- about countries and their geographical details, Famous Seaport and Airport and their location. Profit and Loss,



Figural Classification,

Semantic Series,

Number Series,

Figural Series

Polity- Administrative, Legislative and judiciary of our Country, Election, Important constitution bodies like CAG, Symbols of political parties, duties & responsibilities of the major persons in the Parliament Time and distance,

Time & Work,

Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds,

Graphs of Linear Equations,

The detailed SSC CGL Syllabus for Tier 2 Exam is given below:

Quantitative Aptitude English Language & Comprehension Statistics General Studies- Finance & Economics
Number System Problems


Spot the Error

Synonyms /Antonyms

Spelling,Idioms & Phrases

One Word Substitution

Improvement of sentences,

The active/ passive voice of verbs,

Conversion into Direct/ indirect narration

Shuffling of sentence parts in passages,

Comprehension passage.

Data distribution, calculation, a diagrammatic representation of data Finance-Fundamentals of Finance & Accounting
Ratio & Proportion,

Square roots,


Mean, mode and median
Profit and Loss,


Deviation, dispersion
Time and distance,

Time & Work,

Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra

Moments and relationships- skewness, kurtosis

The Tier 3 syllabus comprises letter writing, applications, essays in Hindi/English. This is to test a candidate’s vocabulary skills and grammar.

Aspirants should be very precise and careful during the preparation of this section as they have to practice a lot of essays and comprehension to crack this exam.

The CGL syllabus for Tier 4 comprises a Data entry test and Computer Proficiency test, which usually tests typing speed and basic computer skills.

The above-mentioned topics should be focused in-depth as the majority of the questions asked in the CGL exam revolve around them.

Aspirants looking forward to cracking these government exams must be very thorough with the exam pattern and syllabus.


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